an incentive to stand up against them. If, e.g., all Americans are being
taxed one penny to pay for some pork project, then each of us has an
incentive of exactly one penny to fight that. (Surely, some of us might
take a longer range view, seeing that one penny as part of a larger whole
and it's impact whne rolled together with all 290 million pennies, but most
people aren't going to look past the penny.) However, imagine a small group
of, say, ten people is going to recieve that one penny from each American.
That small group will get, on average $2.9 million. That's worth putting up
to -- you got it! -- $2.9 million in effort to get at.
### An extensive analysis of this effect can be found in "Demosclerosis" by
Rafal Smigrodzki, MD-PhD
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