Lee Daniel Crocker (
Sat, 4 Oct 1997 15:56:16 -0700 (PDT)

>> Thus one must claim personal values as the basis for "morality" or
>> concede a "superior being" as source. I know of none who claim
>> the former.

You now know at least one. Though I try to base my actions on solid
rational thought as much as possible, it is not possible to derive
normative values from descriptive premises, so I must have some basic
normative values which I cannot rationally justify. In my case, that
value is life; I choose to value life, and to devalue death and
violence. I have no reasons to do so, only personal choice.

I can choose actions rationally to achieve my values, but one
cannot choose values by reason. I refuse on rational grounds to
speculate about supernatural beings, so I am left with personal
choice as my source of values. I choose life.

Lee Daniel Crocker <> <>
"All inventions or works of authorship original to me, herein and past,
are placed irrevocably in the public domain, and may be used or modified
for any purpose, without permission, attribution, or notification."--LDC