Re: Gender and Cognitive Style

Patrick Wilken (
Sun, 22 Nov 1998 11:06:25 +1100


No doubt you know the literature well in this area, but I don't see how the Goldberg reference below shows any evidence for sex-based cognitive differences caused by laterization.

No doubt the literature on laterization is huge. I would be most appreciative if you could point me towards a couple articles that make a strong case for significant cognitive differences b/w the sexes in men and women based on laterization.

thanks, patrick

>At 4:57 PM 21-11-98, Timothy Bates wrote:
>Patrick wrote
>>How do you come at this? I wasn't aware there was any good evidence
>>differences in lateralization between men and women that contributed to
>>cognitive style. [Any references?]
>Dozens. Apart from very well documented differences in language area size
>(a researcher at UNSW is doing some of this with post mortem cell counts:
>the differences are substantial) and other tasks such as spatial judgment
>(see for a review), recently Goldberg been developing an approach that
>focuses on preferred style rather than ability using a cognitive
>preference task that I find interesting. I append the abstract below.
>Here is Goldberg's paper:
>Podell K, Lovell M, Zimmerman M, Goldberg E (1995) The Cognitive Bias
>Task and lateralized frontal lobe functions in males. J Neuropsychiatry
>Clin Neurosci 1995 Fall;7(4):491-501
>The Cognitive Bias Task (CBT) is a multiple-choice response selection
>paradigm characterized by inherent ambiguity. All items offer a range
>from extremely context-dependent to extremely context-invariant
>responses. Lateralized prefrontal lesions produce extreme, and opposite,
>response biases on CBT in right-handed males. Healthy control subjects
>perform in the middle range. Findings suggest a dynamic balance between
>two synergistic decision-making systems in the frontal lobes:
>context-dependent in the left hemisphere and context-invariant in the
>right. The robust lateralized effects, which are dependent on task
>ambiguity, are sensitive and specific to frontal dysfunction. CBT is
>discussed in comparison with the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test as a
>potential cognitive activation task for functional neuroimaging of the
>frontal lobes.

Patrick Wilken          
Editor:     PSYCHE: An International Journal of Research on Consciousness
Secretary:      The Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness