Re: Who Owns The Singularity? (was: how shall the singularity take off?) --> legal natural language processing

From: J. R. Molloy (
Date: Fri Dec 28 2001 - 08:03:18 MST

From: "Reason" <>
> Anyone on the list care to help me out with some more pertinant links beyond
> the general ones below?
> (starting point)
> (immature open source project)
> (less relevant, more mature open
> source)

Here are some links more pertinent to the issue of automated jurisprudence:

"court futures studies"
Artificial Intelligence and Issues from the "Virtual Office" and "Virtual
Courtroom." The success of "Big Blue" on the chess board may just be a
precursor of artificial intelligence in the boardroom and courtroom. As more
and more information is available, the average judge or juror may not have the
ability or expertise to assess this information and render prompt, reasonable
decisions. The science of the future may exceed human ability to analyze legal
issues, determine who is and is not telling the truth, draft contracts and
wills, etc. Will this have the same impact as DNA analysis in determining
paternity? What role will humans play in the face of advanced artificial
intelligence? What will the social effects be through
video-conferencing/holographic images in the event it is not necessary to
physically come to a courthouse? Will lawyers and judges still be regarded as
being in a major profession?
A Jurisprudence of Artilects
Blueprint for a Synthetic Citizen
The advent of artificial intellects (artilects) with knowledge and reasoning
capacity surpassing humans will create new legal issues. New rules and
standards may be required to govern their use and behavior. In particular it
is feared that they may become a super-race that eclipses humanity, holds the
lesser capabilities of humans in disdain, and seeks to marginalize or
eliminate humans.
In this high level survey of basic legal issues regarding the relationships of
humans and artilects, I argue that granting legal recognition to non-human
entities should not pose insurmountable problems since it has already been
done for corporations. As incorporeal entities artilects will be highly
dependent on our legal and political system to secure their rights, and hence
are likely to become model citizens. And, unlike other minority groups
seeking recognition, they will have elite professional and corporate sponsors
to smooth the way for them.
Artificial Intelligence and The Law
" ...within 20 years, artificial intelligence should become the dominant
software technology of the digital revolution. There will be intelligent
machines that provide services, track your needs, have emotions, and interact
with each other across a vast network. There will be tools that learn and
reason about huge volumes of information and smart interfaces willing to
discuss your needs in English. All this will be part of everyday activity. It
will also dramatically change the way we live, work and play."
While these predictions may seem exaggerated, the Committee believes that AI
does have the potential to impact on several areas of legal service delivery
and the administration of justice. As AI cannot be easily relegated to any one
area of the Inquiry, the Committee has decided to devote a chapter to
investigating the nature of AI, its current uses in law, its potential use in
the future and its limitations.
Computerisation of Law Resources
(same content as the above reference)
"cognitive liberty jurisprudence"
while certain justices have, at times, pointedly acknowledged the fundamental
nature of cognitive freedom and the nefarious nature of government (or other
"outside") interference with the intellect, this important freedom remains
only obliquely defined within the US legal system. Ironically, the lack of a
comprehensive treatment may be because cognitive freedom is so self-evidently
a basic human right. Whatever the reason, without a coherent cognitive liberty
jurisprudence, present and future infringements on cognitive liberty risk
passing unnoticed or unremedied. In the next installment of this essay, we
will begin to dig deep into privacy, due process, and First Amendment cases,
in an attempt to excavate a theoretical scaffolding for cognitive liberty. As
I believe the cases will show, cognitive liberty is the invisible landscape
from which springs some of our most cherished and protected freedoms.
A Guide To Artificial Intelligence & Law Resources
The Grand Central Station of links to AI and the law.
An old mailing list relating to artificial intelligence and law has been
revived! Information about this list and how to subscribe to it can be found

--- --- --- --- ---

Useless hypotheses, etc.:
 consciousness, phlogiston, philosophy, vitalism, mind, free will, qualia,
analog computing, cultural relativism, GAC, Cyc, Eliza, cryonics, individual
uniqueness, ego, human values, scientific relinquishment, malevolent AI,
non-sensory experience, SETI

We move into a better future in proportion as science displaces superstition.

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