Re: ROBO: First CYBORG lives...

From: J. R. Molloy (
Date: Wed Apr 18 2001 - 18:17:59 MDT

You're right, Ziana.
Seems I could use some cyborg tech to improve my memory. τΏτ

I note, however (trying to save face), that the more recent reports tend to
add a few more details and embellishments.

Thanks for retrieving the earlier articles.


--J. R.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Ziana Astralos" <>
To: <>
Sent: Wednesday, April 18, 2001 4:28 PM
Subject: Re: ROBO: First CYBORG lives...

> On Wed, 18 April 2001, wrote:
> > wasn't this done last year ??? I'm sure ive seen
> > this before.
> Sure was... the press release was on June 7, 2000. There's nothing different
about the experiment reported then and the one reported now; the Washington
Post article seems to be just a rehash of details combined from various
experiments, nothing especially recent.
> >From the April 16, 2001 article:
> "Using a microscope, Mussa-Ivaldi or his colleagues extract brain stems from
the squiggly, pencil-thin, 6-inch-long lamprey larvae under anesthetic. They
put the half-inch-long brain stem on a stand, connect electrodes to both sides
of it, and run wires to each side of the robot, an off-the-shelf miniature
from Switzerland called a Khepera."
> >From the first article:
> "To create the hybrid, the team extracted a lamprey's brainstem and part of
its spinal cord under total anaesthetic, and maintained it in an oxygenated
and refrigerated salt solution. .... The robot itself is a commercially
available module called a Khepera and couldn't look less like a lamprey."
> There's another article from last June, at
> And an article from November 27, 2000, when it went on display at a London
> "Professor Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi, whose team developed the fish-machine
interface, said: "This is trespassing on nature but scientists do that all the
time. It's worth it if it leads to new knowledge and better prosthetic limbs."

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