~Nanogirl News~

Gina Miller (nanogirl@halcyon.com)
Wed, 22 Sep 1999 20:35:56 -0700

~Nanogirl news~ Sept. 22, 1999

*Stem cells may be powerful gene shuttle
Stem cells may be a better shuttle than viruses for delivering corrective genes to tissues throughout the body, say HHMI researchers. The study hints that adults may harbor stem cells from a variety of organs and tissues that might be manipulated to heal genetic defects in organs and tissues throughout the body. http://www.hhmi.org/news/stemcell.htm

Upgrades to the Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility at the Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology are yielding greatly improved calibrations for a wide variety of optic and photonic devices from satellite instruments to medical lasers and environmental monitoring devices. http://www.nist.gov/public_affairs/releases/tn6215.htm

*UI researchers find more natural method to possibly induce vascular growth
By lowering an individual's heart rate, doctors someday may be able to trigger the sprouting of new blood vessels without having to resort to invasive methods, according to results from a University of Iowa Health Care study. http://www.eurekalert.org/releases/uiow-uir092299.html

*Tabletop Laser Futuristic Way To Separate Isotopes
Using an ultrapowerful laser system that sits on a tabletop, University of Michigan researchers have demonstrated a new way to separate different forms of the same chemical element.

*In the 2020s, you may be able to buy a ''recipe'' for a PC over the net,
insert plastic and conductive molecules into your ''nanobox,'' and have it spit out a computer. (Business week online)- 08/30/99, but still enticing for us nanofanatics if you haven't seen it yet.~ Drexler mention. http://www.businessweek.com/reprints/99-35/b3644007.htm

*A milestone in the application of proton radiography technology to nuclear
weapons stewardship was reached at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) with the successful execution of the first implosion experiment to be imaged with proton beams.

*Particle physics factory builds modules to understand mass, matter. Answers
to physicists’ questions about the universe may be found in detectors now under construction at Argonne’s “particle physics factory.” The sensitive instruments detect energy from collisions in particle physics experiments and store the data in a computer for physicists to analyze. http://www.anl.gov/OPA/whatsnew/minos.htm

*Best of What's New (special feature) When future historians of science and
technology consider 1998, what will they say were its most important advances? In the 11th annual "Best of What's New," Popular Science celebrates some of the past year's most intriguing innovations - a total of 100 in all. http://new.popsci.com/bown/

*Nanovation Technologies is listed in an article about the 4 top stocks of
the next decade. "Enter now a private company called Nanovation Technologies that proposes to eliminate digital gridlock by introducing new networking semiconductors and switches powered by speedy pulses of light rather than pokey old electrons. A reader named McNally, writing from British Columbia,
suggested this one, noting that the firm is "not listed, but on the bottom rung of the electronic to photonic computer transformation. Important patents in place."

*Future uses of MicroElectricalMechanical Systems to be featured at Santa
Clara show in September .

*DOE's Pulse: Science and technology highlights from the DOE National
Laboratories. (Sept 20)

*Shape of things to come.Scientists step "five minutes into the future" to
show off the next generation Internet which promises a huge increase in bandwidth.

*Industry funding fuels perception of science for sale. Dilemma growing over
how to sort science from self-interest. (San Jose Mercury news) http://www7.mercurycenter.com/premium/scitech/docs/sciforsale21.htm

*L.A.Times: Various links to light and color.

*MURRAY HILL, N.J. (Sept. 20, 1999) - The C&C Prize, one of the world's top
honors for pioneers in computing and communications, has been awarded to George Smith and Willard Boyle for their invention of the charge-coupled device (CCD). This brings to 12 the number of Bell Labs engineers and scientists who have received the C&C Prize. http://www.bell-labs.com/news/1999/september/20/1.html

*Norris and ASR Vice President for Research & Development Jay Manifold
will each be making presentations on how privately-funded companies like ASR will expand humankind's reach into space at this weekend's Space Frontier Conference in Los Angeles (conference details available at http://www.space-frontier.org/EVENTS/SFC8/). By co-sponsoring this and other scientific conferences and symposia, ASR team members keep scientists and space enthusiasts up to date on mission development, and contribute to the building of a space exploration philosophy for the 21st century.

*With its Lunar Retriever I mission, Applied Space Resources is
developing a core competency in the use of existing technologies for the development of resources in near-Earth space. ASR is focused on delivering spacecraft to any destination with precision, and returning resources and information with equal precision, for a profit. Additional information, including various space policy papers, is available on the company's web site at http://www.appliedspace.com.

*The Science of repitition (Fox news article)
http://www.foxnews.com/js_index.sml?content=/scitech/features/perelmuter/092 299.sml

*IBM, which took the pulpit to sell itself as an OS-agnostic company when it
endorsed Java, is now going one giant step further. With its soon-to-be-announced “client-stack” embedded OS strategy and developerWorks portal, it will attempt to win support for its “all operating systems are equal” religion. http://www.msnbc.com/news/313676.asp

*U.S. Army special agents from the Army Criminal Investigation Command have
'proved' that NetBus and Back Orifice can be used to hijack desktop camera and microphone applications for the purposes of industrial espionage, spying or to gather evidence for a criminal investigation. The commandeered cameras and microphones can then secretly send data to a monitoring station unbeknownst to the end user.

*NAAC cracked Sept. 19th

Original site: http://www.naacp.org/
What was left behind:

*Resurrecting a Mammoth. In Siberian deep freeze, a mammoth may hold some
pristine DNA. If so, then the very real possibility of cloning a mammoth exists. If it can be done, should it be done? http://abcnews.go.com/sections/science/DailyNews/mammoths990917.html

*WASHINGTON (Reuters) -- Human beings may have twice as many genes as
previously thought, researchers at a biotechnology company said on Tuesday -- a suggestion that would have big implications for scientists racing to map all the genes.

*(Nasa) Now you see it - now you don't- A prodigious eruption of X-rays
from near the center of our Milky Way announces the latest round of activity in a binary star system containing a variable star and a compact object. http://science.nasa.gov/newhome/headlines/ast22sep99_1.htm

*(Book) t h e f e e l i n g o f w h a t h a p p e n s Body and
Emotion in the Making of Consciousness BY Antonio Damasio. snip "I remember wondering as I took my Intro to Bio midterm why I couldn't answer certain questions about the brain. The very machinery that had told me to put one foot in front of the other in order to get me to that classroom was now holding out on me about its own nature. "What are the components of neurons?" Not a clue. What was relaying this question through my mind? Neurons. It doesn't get much more paradoxical than that." http://www.salonmagazine.com/books/review/1999/09/21/damasio/index.html

*Brilliant Beginnings Brings the Latest Research in Brain and Child
Development Home to Parents. Products and Information Based on the Latest Brain Research and Supported by a Panel of Child Development and Neuroscientific Experts. Brilliant Beginnings LLC is developing products and resources for parents to guide them in nurturing their children's intellectual development during the first five years of life. http://news.excite.com/news/bw/990921/ca-brilliant-beginnings

*Gene tests that promise to predict a person's health are being sold to
Americans for hundreds of dollars apiece, with a seldom-mentioned caveat: No one regulates the accuracy of most of those tests, even though mistakes can be life-altering.

*Sculpting Virtual Reality .3-D models offer new ways of seeing art.
(Science news online article)

*Cortical Neuron Net Database [Java, .pdf]
http://cortex.med.cornell.edu/index.html The APLYSIA Project
http://ganglion.med.cornell.edu/Aplysia/db-home.html Researchers at Cornell University Medical College are developing "an Internet-accessible database of electrophysiological and other information describing cortical neurons and their characteristic responses to somatosensory and other stimuli." The homepage describes the Cortical Neuron Database Project (part of the Human Brain Project), including the Common Data Model (Java), Vocabulary for Neuroscience Metadata, and a series of the project's research abstracts (.pdf) to be presented at the 1999 Human Brain Project Conference in October. Interested viewers should also check out The APLYSIA Project page, which describes the development of a similar (invertebrate/ molluscan) Web-accessible database. The Aplysia project database will enhance identification of molluscan neurons, the largest and best-studied nerve cells in the animal kingdom.

*Science for Tomorrow's Society

http://www.britishcouncil.org/virtual/science/index.htm The British Council hosts a series of virtual publishing exhibitions on the Internet, the latest of which is entitled Science for Tomorrow's Society. Due to be replaced in October 1999, this exhibition represents a succinct selection of UK-published science titles covering subject areas that promise to impact the future. A section on Award-winning Books features books for both children and adults that have won or been short-listed for a major award. For example, last year's winner of the Science Book Prize, The Consumer's Good Chemical Guide, is described here. Other sections include Biotechnology and Bioscience, Information and Communication Technology, Public Understanding of Science, and Science Policy and Exploitation. Depending on the section, titles are aimed at both professional and general audiences.

*Universe Is Expanding Faster Than Expected -Study. First scientists thought
it was slowing down, then they discovered it was speeding up. Now a team of international astronomers say the universe is expanding even faster than they thought.

*The Selective Laser Sintering User's Group (SLSUG) will hold its annual
conference October 24-27 in...
http://library.northernlight.com/FD19990922210000089.html?cb=0&dx=1006&sc=0# doc

*Little grey cells in the pink. Normal ageing is associated with memory
loss -- but this could be delayed, or even reversed. A report in the October issue of Nature Neuroscience shows how removing hormones associated with stress allows the continued proliferation of cells in a part of the brain associated with learning and memory, even in old age. http://helix.nature.com/nsu/990923/990923-6.html

*Evidence that a free-running oscillator drives G1 events in the budding
yeast cell cycle
STEVEN B. HAASE AND STEVEN I. REED (nature) In yeast and somatic cells, mechanisms ensure cell-cycle events are initiated only when preceding events have been completed. In contrast, interruption of specific cell-cycle processes in early embryonic cells of many organisms does not affect the timing of subsequent events, indicating that cell-cycle events are triggered by a free-running cell-cycle oscillator. Here we present evidence for an independent cell-cycle oscillator in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We observed periodic activation of events normally restricted to the G1 phase of the cell cycle, in cells lacking mitotic cyclin-dependent kinase activities that are essential for cell-cycle progression. As in embryonic cells, G1 events cycled on schedule, in the absence of S phase or mitosis, with a period similar to the cell-cycle time of wild-type cells. Oscillations of similar periodicity were observed in cells responding to mating pheromone in the absence of G1 cyclin (Cln)- and mitotic cyclin (Clb)-associated kinase activity, indicating that the oscillator may function independently of cyclin-dependent kinase dynamics. We also show that Clb-associated kinase activity is essential for ensuring dependencies by preventing the initiation of new G1 events when cell-cycle progression is delayed.

*Earthquake hits computer chip plants, world prices may rise. The Taiwan
earthquake means computer-chip makers will lose up to two weeks of production and could lead to an increase in worldwide prices, analysts said Wednesday. The quake knocked out power at most companies in the the Hsinchu Science-based Technology Park. By Wednesday morning, only partial power had been restored to several leading chipmakers there. The U.S. investment firm [ Merrill Lynch ] said in a report that Tuesday's deadly quake would affect output for one to one and a half weeks.
Taiwan is expected to account for 10 percent of global production in value terms this year, the report said.

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*Until we meet again!

Gina "Nanogirl" Miller
Nanotechnology Industries
Index to all my websites at:
http://www.homestead.com/nanotechind/nothingatall.html Email: nanogirl@halcyon.com