Borson-Chazot F. Serusclat A. Kalfallah Y. Ducottet X. Sassolas G. Bernard S. Labrousse F. Pastene J. Sassolas A. Roux Y. Berthezene F. Institution
Service d'Endocrinologie, Hopital de l'Antiquaille, Lyon, France. Title
Decrease in carotid intima-media thickness after one year growth hormone (GH) treatment in adults with GH deficiency.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 84(4):1329-33, 1999 Apr. Abstract
An increased carotid arterial intima-media thickness (IMT) has been reported in hypopituitary adults untreated for GH deficiency. In the present study, the effect of GH replacement on IMT and cardiovascular risk factors was prospectively investigated, in GH deficiency patients treated at a mean dose of 1 UI/day during 1 yr (n = 22) and 2 yr (n = 11). The IMT measurements were performed by the same experienced physician, and the coefficient of variation (calculated in two control groups) was below 6.5%. IMT at baseline was related to conventional risk factors. After 1 yr GH treatment, IMT decreased from 0.78 +/- 0.03 mm to 0.70 +/- 0.03 mm (P < 0.001). The decrement was observed in 21 of 22 patients. After 2 yr GH treatment, IMT had stabilized at 0.70 +/- 0.04 mm and remained significantly different from baseline values (P < 0.003). GH treatment resulted in a moderate decrease in waist circumference and body fat mass and an increase in VO2 max. Conventional cardiovascular risk factors were unmodified except for a transient 10% decrease in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol at 6 months. The contrast between the limited metabolic effect of treatment and the importance and precocity of the changes in IMT suggests that the decrease in IMT was not exclusively attributable to a reversal in the atherosclerotic process. A direct parietal effect of GH replacement on the arterial wall might also be involved. The consequences, in terms of cardiovascular risk, should be established by randomized prospective trials.
Pfeifer M. Verhovec R. Zizek B. Prezelj J. Poredos P. Clayton RN. Institution
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, University Medical Center, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Growth hormone (GH) treatment reverses early atherosclerotic changes in GH-deficient adults. Source
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 84(2):453-7, 1999 Feb. Abstract
Hypopituitary patients have increased mortality from vascular disease, and in these patients, early markers of atherosclerosis [increased carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and reduced distensibility] are more prevalent. As GH replacement can reverse some risk factors of atherosclerosis, the present study examined the effect of GH treatment on morphological and functional changes in the carotid and brachial arteries of GH-deficient (GHD) adults. Eleven GHD hypopituitary men (24-49 yr old) were treated with recombinant human GH (0.018 U/kg BW x day) for 18 months. IMT of the common carotid artery (CCA) and the carotid bifurcation (CB), and flow-mediated endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD) of the brachial artery were measured by B mode ultrasound before and at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months of treatment, and values were compared with those in 12 age-matched control men. Serum concentrations of lipids, lipoprotein(a), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) were also measured. In GHD men before treatment the IMTs of the CCA [mean(SD), 0.67(0.05) mm] and CB [0.75(0.04) mm] were significantly greater (P < 0.001) than those in control men [0.52(0.07) and 0.65(0.07) mm, respectively]. GH treatment normalized the IMT of the CCA by 6 months [0.53(0.04) mm] and that of the CB by 3 months [0.68(0.05) mm]. The IMT of the carotid artery (CCA and CB) was negatively correlated with serum IGF-I (r