NEWS~as requested~

Gina Miller (
Thu, 17 Jun 1999 14:55:14 -0700

Okay, I hope this is better, although, you can't expect me to forgoe further postings beyond this daily news. However, this is showing an effort! Nanogirl

Chimps Have Culture
AP Newswire
Researchers now agree that the variety of behavior exhibited by mankind's closest relative can be summed up in a single word: culture. Story at:

First human embryo is cloned in America
Scottish Daily Record

SCIENTISTS in America have cloned the first human embryo, it was revealed last night.

Using methods similar to those which produce Dolly the Sheep at Edinburgh's Roslin Institute, they produced a male embryo made up of nearly 400 cells. This is illegal in Britain.
The research team at the Massachusetts-based Advance Cell Technology firm incinerated the embryo after 14 days.
They want to produce human body tissue which can be used to treat patients with various conditions, including nerve damage, diabetes and Parkinson's disease.
A DNA-loaded nucleus of a human cell was extracted from a skin sample from a man's leg and then inserted into a hollowed-out egg from a cow. The egg was then placed in a laboratory dish and soaked in a chemical solution that fooled it into thinking it was a newly conceived embryo. The cells then began to develop into an embryo. News of the breakthrough is expected to fuel worries about the advance of genetic technology and allied ethical problems. It is also expected to raise serious moral concerns over exactly what constitutes a human being.
Advance Cell Technology deny they have any intentions of producing a cloned baby.
And they insist the embryo cannot be considered a person if it is less than 14 days old, because no nervous system has developed up to that point. British fertility expert Lord Winston said the development was "totally ethical" and defended the technology as a huge breakthrough in tissue engineering with huge medical potential.

A team of engineering students from the University of Illinois at Chicago won the 1999 Ethanol Vehicle Challenge on May 26, demonstrating both their engineering prowess and the commercial promise of ethanol, a corn-based fuel.

University Park, Pa. -- Anyone who uses a microwave knows that metals, such as aluminum foil, should not be placed in these ovens, but a team of Penn State material scientists is microwaving a wide range of powder metals and producing machine components with improved properties.

Matter Studied, Jiggling, At Virtual Absolute Zero

For the first time, researchers have, in effect, studied matter at a temperature of absolute zero. According to quantum mechanics, objects cooled to absolute zero do not freeze to a complete standstill; instead, they jiggle around by some minimum amount. This amount has now been measured, according to the American Institute of Physics' Physics News Update No. 433. MIT researchers measured such "zero-point motion" in a sodium Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC), a collection of gas atoms that are collectively in the lowest possible energy state. According to Wolfgang Ketterle, "the condensate has no entropy and behaves like matter at absolute zero." Ketterle and other MIT physicists measured the motion (or lack thereof) by taking advantage of the fact that atoms absorb light at slightly lower frequencies if they are moving away from the light, and at slightly higher frequencies if they are moving towards the light. To determine these Doppler shifts (100 billion times smaller than those of moving galaxies), the researchers used a technique known as Bragg scattering.
In this technique, atoms absorb photons at one energy from a laser beam and are stimulated by a second laser to emit a photon at another energy which can be shifted upward or downward depending on the atoms' motion towards or away from the lasers.
Measuring the range in energies of the emitted photons allowed the researchers to determine the range of momentum values in the condensate. Multiplying this measured momentum spread (delta p) by the size of the condensate (delta x) gave an answer of approximately h-bar (Planck's constant divided by 2 pi) -- the minimum value allowed by Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and quantum physics. While earlier BECs surely harvested this zero-point motion, previous measurements of BEC momentum spreads were done with exploding condensates having energies hundreds of times larger than the zero-point energy. (J. Stenger et al., Physical Review Letters, 7 June 1999.)

Try your hand at cracking the code that the CIA can't ABC

In search of eternal youth (MSNBC)

Thursday June 17 4:34 PM ET

U.S. Rejects Animal-Human Patent Attempt WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has rejected an attempt to patent a technique for making animal-human hybrids, the activists who submitted the patent application said Thursday. The activists, who said they submitted the patent as a demonstration and never planned to actually make a half-human, half-animal creature, called the ruling a victory for their cause.
``The landmark ruling puts in jeopardy scores of previously granted patents
on animal inventions which contain human genes and other biological information in their genetic makeup,'' Jeremy Rifkin, president of the Foundation on Economic Trends, and New York Medical College biology professor Stuart Newman said in a statement. Rifkin, a writer and economist who has battled against granting patents on living things, and Newman, who helped found the Council for Responsible Genetics, said when they filed the patent application last year that they wanted to spark a debate on the issue.
They also hoped to block research that involves making cross-species animals, known technically as chimeras. They said they had hoped that by owning a patent on it, they could stop researchers from using the technique. But according to their statement, the Patent Office said it could not issue a patent embracing human beings.
Rifkin and Newman argue that it already has. Mice, rabbits, sheep and cows have been genetically engineered to carry human genes for making products ranging from alpha 1-anti-trypsin, used to treat cystic fibrosis, to lactoferrin, which can boost the immune system. Many have been patented, although they usually only carry one or a few human genes, making them at the most only a fraction of a percent human. Now Rifkin and Newman said they plan to appeal the decision. They say they want to force Congress and the courts to take another look at the policy of granting patents on life forms.
``The question of how much human genetic information may be included in a
genetically modified animal and still be granted a patent will be of increasing commercial, legal and political interest in the months and years ahead as life science companies seek patents on a range of genetically modified research animals and cloned animals,'' they said.
``The PTO (Patent and Trademark Office) has presented no criteria that can
distinguish a human from a non-human organizm,'' Newman said in the statement.
``The logical conclusion of their response to us is that no organizms should
be patented.''
In 1987 the PTO ruled that all living things can be patented except human beings, because of the 13th amendment to the Constitution, which outlawed slavery.

Russians hack US Printer

Gina "Nanogirl" Miller
Join the nano email thread at:

Nanotechnology Industries
Alternate E-mail
"Nanotechnology: solutions for the future."