National science and technology awards presented at White House
WASHINGTON (April 27, 1999 4:26 p.m. EDT http://www.nandotimes.com) - A researcher who developed a test that helped identify causes and effects of DNA damage and a surgeon who performed the first successful human heart transplant in the United States were among this year's recipients of government awards recognizing pioneers in science and technology.
"Your success in illuminating the hows and whys of our world and raising the quality of human existence have helped make the time in which we live perhaps the most exciting in human history," President Clinton told the honorees Tuesday. "I am humbled by your achievements."
Clinton presented the National Medals of Science and the National Medals of Technology in an East Room ceremony at the White House.
The science medal, established by Congress in 1959 to recognize contributions to the physical, biological, mathematical and engineering sciences, is the nation's highest scientific honor. Behavioral sciences were included in 1962.
The nine science medal recipients - chosen by the National Science Foundation - included Bruce N. Ames, professor of biochemistry and molecular biology and director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences at the University of California, Berkeley. Ames' research on environmental and natural mutagens led to greater understanding of certain kinds of DNA damage and resulted in public policy recommendations on diet and cancer risks.
The other recipients were:
-Don L. Anderson, professor of geophysics at the California Institute
of Technology Seismological Laboratory in Pasadena.
-John N. Bahcall, professor of natural sciences at the Institute for
Advanced Study, Princeton University.
-John W. Cahn, a fellow at the National Institute of Standards and
Technology in Gaithersburg, Md.
-Cathleen S. Morawetz, professor emerita at the Courant Institute of
Mathematical Sciences of New York University.
-Janet D. Rowley, a cancer researcher at the University of Chicago.
-Eli Ruckenstein, professor of chemical engineering at the State
University of New York in Buffalo.
-George M. Whitesides, professor of chemistry at Harvard University.
-William Julius Wilson of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at
The technology medal, first presented in 1985, recognizes breakthroughs in the creation of new or significantly improved products, processes or services.
The recipients, including Dr. Denton A. Cooley, the founder, president and surgeon-in-chief of the Texas Heart Institute in Houston, Texas, were chosen by an independent committee that answers to the Commerce secretary.
The other technology medal winners were:
-Kenneth L. Thompson and Dennis M. Ritchie, of Bell Laboratories and
Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, N.J.
-Robert T. Fraley, Robert B. Horsch, Ernest G. Jaworski and Stephen
G. Rogers of Monsanto in St. Louis.
-Biogen, Inc. of Cambridge, Mass.
-Bristol-Myers Squibb Company of New York City.
Gina "Nanogirl" Miller
"The science of nanotechnology, solutions for the future."