**From:** *Spudboy100@aol.com*

**Date:** Wed Jan 16 2002 - 23:36:53 MST

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http://xxx.lanl.gov/ftp/hep-th/papers/0201/0201115.pdf

THE ORIGIN OF PHYSICAL LAWS

Ding-Yu Chung

In the vacuum universe model, the origin of physical laws comes from the

cosmic

evolution of vacuum in four stages: the pre-universe vacuum, the void space,

the

adjacent vacuum, and the empty space. The pre-universe is a vacuum with the

vacuum energy slightly below the Planck energy. The vacuum fluctuation of the

pre-universe vacuum results in pairs of supermembrane and anti-supermembrane

and the void space. The supermembrane pairs and the void space are

self-organized

into the semi-stable pre-expanding universe consisting of the positive and

the negative energy boundary 9-branes separated by the bulk space with the

positive energy pre-gravity and the negative energy pre-gravity.

The collapse and the bounce of the pre-expanding universe result in the mixed

pre-expanding universe consisting of the boundary mixed 9-branes with the

absorbed void space. When the absorbed void space is emitted, it becomes the

adjacent vacuum as the added space, which brings about the expansion with

zero vacuum energy. The

rupture of space by the superluminal inflation brings about the empty space

as the

gap among particles.

The emergence of the empty space brings about the big bang, cosmic radiation,

observable elementary particles, all force fields, and quantum mechanics. The

periodic table of elementary particles is constructed to account for all

elementary particles and their masses in a good agreement with the observed

values. The cosmic evolution of vacuum involves a cyclic universe.

1. Introduction

Before the universe, the pre-universe is a vacuum with the vacuum energy

slightly below the Planck energy. The vacuum fluctuation [1] of the

pre-universe

vacuum generates pairs of eleven dimensional supermembrane and

anti-supermembrane:

the positive energy ten dimensional superstring with positive

energy pre-gravity and the negative energy superstring with negative energy

pre-gravity. The energy of the supermembrane is equal to the Planck energy.

During

the vacuum fluctuation, the concentration of energy to form the supermembrane

pairs generates the void space without the capability for the vacuum

fluctuation.

In the universe, like-gravity stays together, and opposite-superstrings (as

opposite-charges) stay together and annihilate each other. With this

principle of

arrangement, the supermembrane pairs and the void space are self-organized

into the semi-stable pre-expanding universe, where the positive and the

negative

energy boundary 9-branes (superstrings) are separated by the bulk space with

the positive energy pre-gravity and the negative energy pre-gravity.

The pre-expanding universe has the same structure as the Horava-Witten model

based on an eleven dimensional supergravity on a manifold with two

ten-dimensional

boundaries

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